The sublimation of methane hydrates can result in the explosive release of methane into the atmosphere and the formation of
In environments where temperatures are low, and pressures are high, conditions are ripe for the formation of methane hydrates, or methane clathrates as they are also known. Large amounts of methane become trapped within water crystals forming a substance similar to ice. Currently, l
If temperatures rise or confining pressures decrease, then these clathrates can sublimate into methane gas. Rapid release of these gases is catastrophic, in some cases causing an explosive release. Vasily Bogoyavlensky, Director at the Russian Academy of Sciences claims there are hundreds of these methane craters in the Russian Arctic.
See and Ancient Analog to Global Warming – https://archeanweb.com/2019/12/17/an-ancient-climate-tipping-point-analog-to-global-warming
Mysterious craters blowing out of Russia could mean trouble for the whole planet (Stacey Yuen – CNBC) – https://www.cnbc.com/2017/07/30/siberian-craters-big-releases-of-methane-could-pose-broad-problems.html
Could Subsea Methane Hydrates Be a Warming “Tipping Point”? Alan Robock – EOS) – https://eos.org/editors-vox/could-subsea-methane-hydrates-be-a-warming-tipping-point