The process of fully oxygenating our atmosphere was slow. But in the long run, eukaryotes and oxygen catapulted evolution forward.
After a slow two billion year start, life began to gain momentum when oxygen appeared and eukaryotes evolved.
Lake Kivu poses a threat to 2 million people, and the reality of this threat was demonstrated by a 1986 limnic eruption in Cameroon’s Lake Nyos, where 1,800 people died.
Jakarta is slipping below sea level and its government announced a long-range plan to address the issue by moving to Nusantara.
Cities should include seawalls in their long-range planning process, but they also need to have a plan B.
Arctic beavers are following their instincts and, in the process, accelerating the rate of Arctic permafrost melt and carbon release.
Unanswered questions about missing oxygen during the 1.4 billion years between the first hints of free oxygen and the Great Oxidation Event.
Banded iron formations are direct indicators of oceanic oxygen levels, and they provide us with a record of Earth’s oxygenation.
The concept of floating homes has been taken to a new level as countries adapt to the reality of rising seas.
The climate is rapidly changing. Climate adaptation recognizes this reality and embraces a sustainable future.